Book VII of Aristotle’s Metaphysics is one of the founding texts of a philosophical discipline that will be called later “ontology”; or, as Aristotle put it, a science of being qua being. The importance of this text has to do with the fact that Aristotle does not begin offering a specific ontological theory: instead he tries to show the necessity of admitting it’s possibility, if the philosopher (or rather, every reasonable man) wants to ensure himself of the meaning of what he thinks and says. In this context, students are expected to develop the following abilities: 1) to reckon the problematic status of ontology and its aporetic character; 2) to understand the relation between Aristotle’s ontology and the Platonic doctrine of ideas, 3) to identify and define the main concepts of the Aristotelian ontology: substance, essence, categories of being, form and matter, act and potency; 4) to explain the relations between ontology and theology.
Thematic Seminar I: First Philosophy and Metaphysics - commentary to Book VII of Aristotle's Metaphysics
4.5 ECTS / Semester / Português